Training: Air

"Five aeroplanes bearing the name ‘Newfoundland’ are doing invaluable work at the front." “Our Aeroplanes,” Evening Telegram, July 15th, 1916

The Royal Flying Corps, formed just before war’s outbreak, saw its role quickly evolve. Training began simply—hardly anyone had pilot experience—and changed as the air war became more complex. Trainees had air and ground time and were taught air combat tactics, gunnery, reconnaissance and photography skills.

2nd Lieutenant (later Captain) Ronald H. Ayre

Royal Flying Corps

Ronald Ayre, from St. John’s, was studying in England when war broke out. He earned his pilot’s wings and flew in Europe. Awarded the Military Cross in 1917 (after two successful bombing missions), he gained promotion to Captain. After the war, he worked in the family business, Ayre & Sons.

Beaumont-Hamel and the Trail of the Caribou